childe hassam Poppies Isles of Shoals painting
Frederic Edwin Church Landscape in the Adirondacks painting
The shipwrecks made them lean toward the idea that Herakleion and two nearby cities were engulfed by a huge, sudden earthquake and tidal wave some 1,200 years ago. Artifacts to Tour the WorldThe cities had been known only through ancient writings, such as travelogues and comedies, until Goddio's team announced its discovery about a year ago. They say they discovered the ruins in 1996.The writings recounted the city's splendor and decadence, and also referred to a temple dedicated to Heracles — or, in Latin, Hercules — the legendary son of the supreme god Zeus, from whose name the city appears to have taken its name.The writings put the founding of the city more than 2,300 years ago, before ancient Alexandria was founded in 331 B.C.